Topics covered in this UNIT - Operations Mangement

4.1 Production of goods and services

4.1.1 The meaning of production:

  • Managing resources effectively to produce goods and services
  • Difference between production and productivity
  • Benefits of increasing efficiency and how to increase it, e.g. increasing productivity by automation and technology, improved labour skills
  • Why businesses hold inventories (stocks)
  • Concept of lean production; how to achieve it, e.g. just-in-time inventory control and Kaizen; benefits of lean production

4.1.2 The main methods of production:

  • Features, benefits and limitations of job, batch and flow production
  • Recommend and justify an appropriate production method for a given situation

4.1.3 How technology has changed production methods, e.g. using computers in manufacturing and design

4.2 Costs, scale of production and break-even analysis

4.2.1 Identify and classify costs:

  • Classifying costs – fixed, variable, average, total; use examples to illustrate these
  • Use cost data to help make simple cost-based decisions, e.g. to stop production or continue

4.2.2 Economies and diseconomies of scale:

  • The concepts of economies and diseconomies of scale; examples of both

4.2.3 Explain, interpret and use a simple break-even chart:

  • The concept of break even
  • Construct, complete or amend a simple break-even chart
  • Interpret a given chart and use it to analyse a situation
  • Use a chart to help make simple decisions, e.g. impact of higher price
  • Understand the limitations of break-even charts

4.3 Achieving quality production

4.3.1 Why quality is important and how quality production might be achieved:

  • What quality means; why it is important for all businesses
  • Concept of quality control and how businesses implement quality control
  • The concept of quality assurance

4.4 Location decisions

4.4.1 The main factors influencing the location and relocation decisions of a business:

  • Factors relevant to the location decision of manufacturing businesses and service businesses
  • Factors that a business could consider when deciding which country to locate operations in
  • The role of legal controls on location decisions
  • Recommend and justify an appropriate location for a business in given circumstances

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